Edema: How to Determine Its Origin in Seniors?

Edema: How to Determine Its Origin in Seniors?

Are your kidneys sick?

Swelling of the feet and ankles in various diseases of the kidneys appear later on. If the legs begin to swell, then this may be a clear sign of worsening of the course of the disease. What they look like: edema in kidney diseases is symmetrical and mobile – they shift when pressed, the skin in their area looks a little paler than other areas. The consistency is soft and friable: after pressing on the affected area, a dent from the finger remains on it for a long time.

With the improvement of the course of the disease, the edemas disappear or become significantly less.

Are you experiencing heart issues?

Edema in heart disease and CHF appear on the feet and legs. They are symmetrical to the touch – firm and motionless: if you try to dislodge the area, pain arises. They arise in the evening with the onset of heart disease, and remain constant when it comes to their development and transition to heart failure: the heart is so weakened that it simply cannot pump blood at any time of the day.

The skin in the places of edema becomes cold, pale, and bluish.

Are your lungs sick?

With pulmonary hypertension and other lung pathologies, the swollen legs appear bluish and pale. Edema develops at the ankles and feet.

Varicose disease and its severe complication –

thrombophlebitis – are accompanied by swelling of the legs, which have a specific, recognizable character. If, in kidney and heart diseases, the edemas do not hurt and do not turn red, then in case of diseases of the veins of the extremities, patients complain not only of pain but also of redness in the affected area.

If there are sore veins on both legs, the edema can be symmetrical, if only one limb is affected, swelling appears only on it.

In severe cases, the pain is intense. To it is added a burning sensation and fullness in the swollen areas.

Are your joints sick?

Swelling in joint diseases can become very painful, and is often accompanied by high fever and redness. If we talk about legs, then swelling, depending on the type of disease, is localized in the area of the knees, ankles, and toes.

The same applies to traumatic and infectious edema.

Is your liver sick?

The legs begin to swell in the evening in the late stages of liver disease. Edema resembles a kidney: when you click on them for a while, a dent is retained from pressing with a finger. If the patient wears socks, in the evening a reddish, painful mark remains.

About Supplemental Plans: Seniors in the USA can use Medicare supplement plans provided they’re 65 and over. These plans can cover copay and deductible.

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